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Female poverty and inequality in Angola Analyzing and gendering poverty Research methodologies History and structural context Project site and context Female headed households- key characteristics Basic characteristics of life in rural Malanje Production and commercialization of cassava Possibilities for paid work Family- and kinship relations Gendered vulnerability Case 1. Gendered divisions of labor Material poverty Deficient health services Case 2.
Field trip with the medical team Maternal- and child health Limited education opportunities Lack of information Civil registry Gendered violence Political, traditional and social representation The programme consists of a series of projects in social science, political science and economics.
The aim with the CEIC-CMI research programme is to increase the availability and quality of research-based knowledge about social, political and economic issues in contemporary Angola. The social science projects have an additional goal to increase the qualitative knowledge base about rural and urban poverty.
Not only is qualitative research in Angola scant in general, but there is also a limited availability of reliable quantitative data. Thus, there is a pressing need for expanding the current knowledge base, and to make analytical bridges between statistical indicators and qualitative findings. This report is concerned with analyzing the gendered dimensions of rural poverty, based on qualitative and quantitative research in the rural municipality of Kalandula in the northeastern province of Malanje.
Drawing on qualitative field research, a household survey and available macro-statistics, the findings presented in this report show that rural women are more vulnerable to extreme poverty than their poor male peers. The cause for this is multidimensional, relating, amongst other factors, to the dearth of public support for social reproduction and rural livelihoods, the lack of venues for social mobility through education or income-generating activities, and the sway of patriarchal social ideologies and social organization.